bdb2d 5.3.28

BerkeleyDB to D bindings.

To use this package, put the following dependency into your project's dependencies section:


This package provides sub packages which can be used individually:

bdb2d:reader - BerkeleyDB Transaction test. Reader

bdb2d:writer - BerkeleyDB Transaction test. Writer

BerkeleyDB for D programming language

This package provides 2 version of interface to BerkeleyDB library for D:

  • The first version repeats C-interface. This interfaces generates from BerkeleyDB headers and therefore easy maybe regenerated for new version BerkeleyDB. Also when D language changes there will small changes to fix this interface generation. Already generated file for BerkeleyDB 6.1.26.NC maybe found at "berkeleydb/c.d" file. Generator - AWK-program bdb2d.awk. To regenerate interface enough to change in the script path to Berkeleydb sources from "~/Programs/db-6.1.26.NC" to your path. After that run "./"

  • The second version tries to be more like D-interface. Below there is description of interface base idea.

Interface consists of:

  • 10 classes which repears according BDB structures: Dbc, DbChannel, Db, DbEnv, DbLogc, DbMpoolfile, DbSequence, DbSite, DbStream, DbTxn.
  • 7 classes of exceptions, 5 of which repeats exceptions from C++ BDB interface: DbException, DbWrongUsingException, DbDeadlockException DbLockNotGrantedException, DbMemoryException, DbRepHandleDeadException, DbRunRecoveryException
  • structure Dbt and yet 3 attendant structures: UserMemDbt, BulkDbt, RecnoBulkDbt

Interfaces of classes repeats BDB interfaces but follows then next ideas: 1) Methods like dbcreate/dbenvcreate in this library replaced with constructors of according class. 2) As for the rest names of methods fully equals. 3) Instead of"const char*" always used "string" 4) Instead of other arrays like DBLOCKREQ argument in the DB_ENV->lock_vec function with reference of length in the disctinct argument used D arrays like DbLockreq[] in the DbEnv.lock_vec which consists of pointer and length in the one argument 5) Instead of code errors used exceptions. The most functions turns to void return. The exceptions are functions like db.get, which may return not error codes (DB_KEYEMPTY, DB_NOTFOUND etc.). Full list of such functions maybe found in the implementation of "DbRetCodeToException" function (berkeleydb/dbexception.d file) 6) Of course the first argument - pointer to the class is hidden (for example DB_ENV dbenv in the example of 7-th item) 7) When function returns the single value, pointer argument turns to return value. For example the function int DBENV->getopenflags(DBENV dbenv, u_int32_t flagsp); turned to uint32t DbEnv.getopenflags() I.e. function now returns flags instead of error code 8) Functions which gets or returns 2 arguments gbytes, bytes have 2 interfaces: one like C-version with 2 arguments and the secon with one 64-bit bytes argument. For example: void DbEnv.setmemorymax(uint32t gbytes, uint32t bytes) void DbEnv.setmemorymax(uint64t bytes) and void DbEnv.getmemorymax(ref uint32t gbytes, ref uint32t bytes) uint64t DbEnv.getmemorymax() 9) Callbacks also uses D-arguments, for example "DbEnv" instead of "DBENV", string instead of char , etc. 10) The last flags argument maybe skipped if it equals zero.

Dbt structure with hidden methods declared as:

struct Dbt {

DBT dbt;
alias dbt this;


This means that you can refer to Dbt type fields also as to DBT. Besides this you can cast (DBT) to (Dbt) and vice-versa. And even Dbt[] array maybe easily converted to C-style array with cast(DBT*)Dbt.ptr. But also Dbt can such:

string hello = "Hello, world!";

Dbt dbt = hello; // and dbt.size filled with one assignment.
assert(dbt.size == hello.length);

assert(!string() == "Hello, world!"); //back conversion 
assert(!string() is "Hello, world!");

struct S
	int a;
	byte b;

S s;
s.a = 5000;
s.b = 22;

Dbt dbt_struct;
dbt_struct = s; //again & dbt_struct.size by one instruction
assert( dbt_struct.size == s.sizeof );
assert(!S() == s ); //back

S *ps =!(S*)(); //You may also convert to pointer
assert( *ps == s );
assert( ps is &s );

Also you can use UserMemDbt, but it gets size of user-memory buffer in the constructor. As distinct from Dbt when assignment value to UserMemDbt it will copied to buffer, not just referenced to UserMemDbt pointer maybe casted to (Dbt) and vice versa.

BulkDbt/RecnoBulkDbt maybe used for bulk insert/get operations. Both maybe casted to (Dbt*) but not vice versa. For back conversion use BulkDbt(ref Dbt dbt) and RecnoBulkDbt(ref Dbt dbt) constructors. For examples see unittests in the berkeleydb/dbt.d

For example of using library see transactions_test directory

Bugs of library: 1) Interface sometimes maybe not consistent. For example sometimes translate pointer to ref-argument, and sometimes leave it as pointer. 2) Some functions like DbEnv.memp_stat seems may be reasons of memory leaks. 3) If for Db close called explicitly, but for cursor Dbc not called before, it will called implicitly in the destructor and will cause of an error.

  • Nikolay (unDEFER) Krivchenkov
Sub packages:
bdb2d:reader, bdb2d:writer
5.3.28 2017-Aug-18
~master 2017-Aug-18
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