msgpack-ll 0.1.4

A low level @nogc, nothrow, @safe, pure and betterC compatible MessagePack library


To use this package, put the following dependency into your project's dependencies section:

dub.json
dub.sdl

msgpack-ll

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This is a low-level @nogc, nothrow, @safe, pure and betterC compatible MessagePack serializer and deserializer. The library was designed to avoid any external dependencies and handle the low-level protocol details only. As a result the library doesn't have to do any error handling or buffer management. This library does never dynamically allocate memory.

The API documentation is available here.

A simple example showing the complete API

import msgpack_ll;

// Buffer allocation is not handled by the library
ubyte[128] buffer;


// The MsgpackType enum contains all low-level MessagePack types
enum type = MsgpackType.uint8;

// The DataSize!(MsgpackType) function returns the size of serialized data
// for a certain type.

// The formatter and parser use ref ubyte[DataSize!type] types. This
// forces the compiler to do array length checks at compile time and avoid
// any runtime bounds checking.

// Format the number 42 as a uint8 type. This will require
// DataSize!(MsgpackType.uint8) == 2 bytes storage.
formatType!(type)(42, buffer[0..DataSize!type]);

// To deserialize we have to somehow get the data type at runtime
// Then verify the type is as expected.
assert(getType(buffer[0]) == type);

// Now deserialize. Here we have to specify the MsgpackType
// as a compile time value.
const result = parseType!type(buffer[0..DataSize!type]);
assert(result == 42);

A quick view at the generated code for this library

Serializing an 8 bit integer

void format(ref ubyte[128] buffer)
{
    enum type = MsgpackType.uint8;
    formatType!(type)(42, buffer[0..DataSize!type]);
}

Because of clever typing there's no runtime bounds checking but all bounds checks are performed at compile time by type checking.

pure nothrow @nogc @safe void msgpack_ll.format(ref ubyte[128]):
        mov     BYTE PTR [rdi], -52
        mov     BYTE PTR [rdi+1], 42
        ret

Serializing a small negative integer into one byte

void format(ref ubyte[128] buffer)
{
    enum type = MsgpackType.negFixInt;
    formatType!(type)(-11, buffer[0..DataSize!type]);
}

The MessagePack format is cleverly designed, so encoding the type is actually free in this case.

pure nothrow @nogc @safe void msgpack_ll.format(ref ubyte[128]):
        mov     BYTE PTR [rdi], -11
        ret

Deserializing an expected type

bool parse(ref ubyte[128] buffer, ref byte value)
{
    enum type = MsgpackType.negFixInt;
    auto rtType = getType(buffer[0]);
    if(rtType != type)
        return false;

    value = parseType!type(buffer[0..DataSize!type]);
    return true;
}

The compiler will inline functions and can see through the switch block in getType. If you explicitly ask for one type, the compiler will reduce the code to a simple explicit if check for this type!

pure nothrow @nogc @safe bool msgpack_ll.parse(ref ubyte[128], ref byte):
        movzx   edx, BYTE PTR [rdi]
        cmp     edx, 223
        jle     .L58
        mov     BYTE PTR [rsi], dl
        mov     eax, 1
        ret
.L58:
        xor     eax, eax
        ret

Deserializing one of multiple types

bool parse(ref ubyte[128] buffer, ref byte value)
{
    auto rtType = getType(buffer[0]);
    switch(rtType)
    {
        case MsgpackType.negFixInt:
            value = parseType!(MsgpackType.negFixInt)(buffer[0..DataSize!(MsgpackType.negFixInt)]);
            return true;
        case MsgpackType.int8:
            value = parseType!(MsgpackType.int8)(buffer[0..DataSize!(MsgpackType.int8)]);
            return true;
        default:
            return false;
    }
}

The generated code is obviously slighly more complex. The interesting part here is that type checking is directly done using the raw type value and not the enum values returned by getType. Even manually written ASM probably can't do much better here.

pure nothrow @nogc @safe bool msgpack_ll.parse(ref ubyte[128], ref byte):
        movzx   ecx, BYTE PTR [rdi]
        xor     eax, eax
        cmp     ecx, 191
        jle     .L55
        cmp     ecx, 223
        jg      .L56
        cmp     ecx, 208
        jne     .L60
        movzx   eax, BYTE PTR [rdi+1]
        mov     BYTE PTR [rsi], al
        mov     eax, 1
.L55:
        rep; ret
.L56:
        mov     BYTE PTR [rsi], cl
        mov     eax, 1
        ret
.L60:
        ret
Authors:
Johannes Pfau
Dependencies:
none
Versions:
0.1.4 2017-Apr-18
0.1.3 2017-Apr-17
0.1.2 2017-Apr-17
0.1.1 2017-Apr-17
0.1.0 2017-Apr-16
Show all 6 versions
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