xbuffer 1.0.0

Growing @nogc buffer with generic type


To use this package, put the following dependency into your project's dependencies section:

dub.json
dub.sdl

xbuffer

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A @nogc buffer that automatically grows when writing and frees its memory on destruction.

Jump to: Buffer, Typed Buffer

Buffer

The Buffer class is located in xbuffer.buffer and is the base buffer class. The buffer has a fixed chunk size that is used to expand it when more data is needed.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer(4);

buffer.write(ushort(0));
assert(buffer.capacity == 4);

buffer.write(uint(1));
assert(buffer.capacity == 8);

The buffer can be also constructed using an array of data, the chunk size will be the length (in bytes) of that data.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer([1, 2, 3, 4]);
assert(buffer.capacity == 16); // 4 * int.sizeof

buffer = new Buffer(cast(ubyte[])[1, 2, 3, 4]);
assert(buffer.capacity == 4);

Jump to: data, writing, reading, peeking

data

The buffer's data is stored as a void[] but can be converted to any fixed-size type using the data property.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer([1, 2, 3]);
assert(buffer.data!int == [1, 2, 3]);
assert(buffer.data!ubyte == [1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 3, 0, 0, 0]); // on a little-endian system

The data property can also be used to assign an array of a fixed-size type to the buffer. The chunk size of the buffer does not change.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer(8);
buffer.data = [1, 2, 3];
buffer.data = cast(ubyte[])[1, 2, 3];

writing

Data is written to the buffer using the write template. It is possible to write any fixed-size type of data (even structs).

Every write method is pure, nothrow, @safe and @nogc.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer(16);

// an integer, using the system's endianness
buffer.write(1);

// a big-endian short
buffer.write!(Endian.bigEndian, short)(42);

// an array of integers, using the system's endianness
buffer.write([1, 2, 3]);

// an array of little-endian floats
buffer.write!(Endian.littleEndian)([0f, 1f, .5f]);

The operation of writing increases the data's length but doesn't increase the buffer's reading index; this means that the written data can also be read/peeked in the same order it was written (see examples in next section).

reading

Data is read from the buffer using the read template.

Every read method may throw a BufferOverflowException if there isn't enough data to read. That's also the only reason why read methods are not @nogc.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer(new ubyte[30]);

// an integer, using the system's endianness
buffer.read!int();

// a little-endian short
buffer.read!(Endian.littleEndian, short)();

// an array of 2 integers, using the system's endianness
buffer.read!(int[])(2);

// an array of 4 big-endian floats
buffer.read!(Endian.bigEndian, float[])(4);

The operation of reading increases the data's index but doesn't change the buffer's length.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer(8);

// buffer is empty
assert(buffer.index == 0);
assert(buffer.length == 0);
assert(buffer.data!ubtye == []);

buffer.write(1);
buffer.write(2);
assert(buffer.index == 0); // not increased
assert(buffer.length == 8);

buffer.read!int();
assert(buffer.index == 4); // increased
assert(buffer.length == 8);

peeking

Peeking is the same as reading, except it doesn't increase the reading index.

Buffer buffer = new Buffer(4);
buffer.write(1);

auto data = buffer.data!ubyte;
assert(buffer.peek!int() == 1);
assert(buffer.data!ubyte == data);

assert(buffer.peek!int() == buffer.read!int());

Typed Buffer

Typed is a utility template that provides methods and properties to simplify the use of a buffer with a single type of data.

alias ByteBuffer = Typed!ubyte;
alias StringBuffer = Typed!string; // or Typed!(immutable(char))

put, get and get(size_t) can be used to write and read data or arrays of data, in addition of all the methods provided by Buffer, which the typed buffer extends.

Authors:
  • Kripth
Dependencies:
none
Versions:
1.0.0 2018-Jun-13
0.3.0 2018-Jun-06
0.2.0 2018-Mar-31
0.1.0 2018-Mar-21
~master 2018-Aug-23
Show all 5 versions
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Score:
2.1
Short URL:
xbuffer.dub.pm