pretty_array 1.0.1

Pretty D Arrays


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

pretty_d_array

Pretty printing multidimensional D arrays.

This small package uses awesome mir-algorithm library as a dependency.

Simply put, it is a small dub package that turns your D arrays from this:

[[[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8], [9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16], [17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24], [25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32], [33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40], [41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48], [49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56]],
[[57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64], [65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72], [73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80], [81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88], [89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96], [97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104], [105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112]]]

into this

┌                                 ┐
│┌                               ┐│
││  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8││
││  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16││
││ 17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24││
││ 25  26  27  28  29  30  31  32││
││ 33  34  35  36  37  38  39  40││
││ 41  42  43  44  45  46  47  48││
││ 49  50  51  52  53  54  55  56││
│└                               ┘│
│┌                               ┐│
││ 57  58  59  60  61  62  63  64││
││ 65  66  67  68  69  70  71  72││
││ 73  74  75  76  77  78  79  80││
││ 81  82  83  84  85  86  87  88││
││ 89  90  91  92  93  94  95  96││
││ 97  98  99 100 101 102 103 104││
││105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112││
│└                               ┘│
└                                 ┘

I think it's much easier to reason about array structure using such simplified form. Let's see a code example.

import pretty_array;
import std.stdio;
import std.array;
import std.range : chunks;

void main() {
    auto arr = [10.4, 200.14, -40.203, 0.00523, 5, 2.56, 39.901, 56.12, 2.5, 1.2, -0.22103, 89091, 3, 5, 1, 0];
    auto arr3D = darr.chunks(4).array.chunks(2).array; // convert it to [2 x 2 x 4] array
    arr3D.prettyArr.writeln;
}
┌                              ┐
│┌                            ┐│
││10.4 200.14  -40.203 0.00523││
││   5   2.56   39.901   56.12││
│└                            ┘│
│┌                            ┐│
││ 2.5    1.2 -0.22103   89091││
││   3      5        1       0││
│└                            ┘│
└                              ┘

Pretty-printing arrays with strings or chars is also possible.

auto charArr = [[['a', 'b', 'c', 'd'], ['e', 'f', 'g', 'h']]];
charArr.prettyArr.writeln;
┌         ┐
│┌       ┐│
││a b c d││
││e f g h││
│└       ┘│
└         ┘
auto strArr = [[["abt", "bat"], ["dac", "eac"]], [["eab", "jua"], ["uia", "vma"]]];
strArr.prettyArr.writeln;
┌         ┐
│┌       ┐│
││┌     ┐││
│││a b t│││
│││b a t│││
││└     ┘││
││┌     ┐││
│││d a c│││
│││e a c│││
││└     ┘││
│└       ┘│
│┌       ┐│
││┌     ┐││
│││e a b│││
│││j u a│││
││└     ┘││
││┌     ┐││
│││u i a│││
│││v m a│││
││└     ┘││
│└       ┘│
└         ┘

Standard array does not have .shape method like Mir slices. Therefore, pretty_array additionally provides a naive getShape function.

strArr.getShape.writeln;
[2, 2, 2, 3]

prettyArr also truncates big enough arrays to save screen space. You can configure max number of elements allowed before truncation.

auto bigArr = [300, 600].iota!int(1).fuse;
bigArr.prettyArr.writeln;

Will truncate the array into the following.

┌                                           ┐
│     1      2      3 ░    598    599    600│
│   601    602    603 ░   1198   1199   1200│
│  1201   1202   1203 ░   1798   1799   1800│
│░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░░│
│178201 178202 178203 ░ 178798 178799 178800│
│178801 178802 178803 ░ 179398 179399 179400│
│179401 179402 179403 ░ 179998 179999 180000│
└                                           ┘

pretty_array package contains

  • prettyArr -- converts an array into a pretty string.
  • PrettyArrConfig -- array formatting configuration.
  • getShape -- returns a shape of standard D array.

Formatting Configuration

You can configure some of the default formatting parameters via PrettyArrConfig.

  • edgeItems -- number of items preceding and following the truncation symbol (defaults to 3).
  • lineWidth -- max line width allowed without truncation (defaults to 120).
  • precision -- precision of floating point representations (defaults to 6).
  • suppressExp -- suppress scientific notation (defaults to true).
  • threshold -- max array size allowed without truncation (default is 1000 elements).

Here are couple of usage examples.

auto a = [[0.000023, 1.234023, 13.443333], [479.311231, -100.001001, -0.412223]];
PrettyArrConfig.precision = 2;
a.prettyArr.writeln;

Will reduce the default floating precision from 6 to 2.

┌                    ┐
│  0.00    1.23 13.44│
│479.31 -100.00 -0.41│
└                    ┘

You can also enable scientific notation via e suffix.

auto a = [[0.000023, 1.234023, 13.443333], [479.311231, -100.001001, -0.412223]];
PrettyArrConfig.suppressExp = false;
a.prettyArr.writeln;
┌                                        ┐
│2.300000e-05  1.234023e+00  1.344333e+01│
│4.793112e+02 -1.000010e+02 -4.122230e-01│
└                                        ┘

Configuring Special Symbols

If for some reason you don't like the awesome truncation symbol , or pretty array frames, you can always edit them in the source code.

Search pretty_array.d for

private enum Frame : string
{
    ltAngle = "┌",
    lbAngle = "└",
    rtAngle = "┐",
    rbAngle = "┘",
    vBar = "│",
    newline = "\n",
    dash = "─",
    dot = "·",
    space = " ",
    truncStr = "░" // TIP: length of this string is 3!
}
Authors:
  • tastyminerals
Dependencies:
mir-algorithm
Versions:
1.0.2 2020-Jul-02
1.0.1 2020-Jun-18
1.0.0 2020-Jun-11
~master 2020-Jul-03
Show all 4 versions
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Short URL:
pretty_array.dub.pm