sumtype 1.2.7

A sum type with pattern matching


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

Manual usage
Put the following dependency into your project's dependences section:

sumtype

A sum type for modern D.

Note: Since DMD v2.097.0 (released 2021-06-03), sumtype is part of the standard library, and can be accessed by importing std.sumtype.

Due to differing release schedules, features or bug fixes present in the latest release of sumtype may not be present in std.sumtype. Please refer to the official std.sumtype documentation on dlang.org for information about the standard-library version, and report any issues encountered while using std.sumtype on the official D issue tracker.

Features

  • Pattern matching, including support for introspection-based matching.
  • Self-referential types, using This.
  • Works with pure, @safe, @nogc, nothrow, and immutable.
  • Compatible with -betterC and -dip1000.
  • Zero runtime overhead compared to hand-written C.
    • No heap allocation.
    • Does not rely on runtime type information (TypeInfo).

Documentation

View online on Github Pages.

sumtype uses adrdox to generate its documentation. To build your own copy, run the following command from the root of the sumtype repository:

path/to/adrdox/doc2 --genSearchIndex --genSource -o generated-docs src


Example

import std.math: isClose;

struct Fahrenheit { double degrees; }
struct Celsius { double degrees; }
struct Kelvin { double degrees; }

alias Temperature = SumType!(Fahrenheit, Celsius, Kelvin);

// Construct from any of the member types.
Temperature t1 = Fahrenheit(98.6);
Temperature t2 = Celsius(100);
Temperature t3 = Kelvin(273);

// Use pattern matching to access the value.
pure @safe @nogc nothrow
Fahrenheit toFahrenheit(Temperature t)
{
    return Fahrenheit(
        t.match!(
            (Fahrenheit f) => f.degrees,
            (Celsius c) => c.degrees * 9.0/5 + 32,
            (Kelvin k) => k.degrees * 9.0/5 - 459.4
        )
    );
}

assert(toFahrenheit(t1).degrees.isClose(98.6));
assert(toFahrenheit(t2).degrees.isClose(212));
assert(toFahrenheit(t3).degrees.isClose(32));

// Use ref to modify the value in place.
pure @safe @nogc nothrow
void freeze(ref Temperature t)
{
    t.match!(
        (ref Fahrenheit f) => f.degrees = 32,
        (ref Celsius c) => c.degrees = 0,
        (ref Kelvin k) => k.degrees = 273
    );
}

freeze(t1);
assert(toFahrenheit(t1).degrees.isClose(32));

// Use a catch-all handler to give a default result.
pure @safe @nogc nothrow
bool isFahrenheit(Temperature t)
{
    return t.match!(
        (Fahrenheit f) => true,
        _ => false
    );
}

assert(isFahrenheit(t1));
assert(!isFahrenheit(t2));
assert(!isFahrenheit(t3));

Open on run.dlang.io

Installation

If you're using dub, add the sumtype package to your project as a dependency.

Alternatively, since it's a single, self-contained module, you can simply copy sumtype.d to your source directory and compile as usual.

Authors:
  • Paul Backus
Dependencies:
none
Versions:
1.2.7 2022-Sep-05
1.2.6 2022-Jul-27
1.2.5 2022-Jun-21
1.2.4 2022-May-12
1.2.3 2022-Mar-21
Show all 58 versions
Download Stats:
  • 7 downloads today

  • 283 downloads this week

  • 582 downloads this month

  • 144234 downloads total

Score:
4.4
Short URL:
sumtype.dub.pm