dscanner 0.4.0-beta.1

Swiss-army knife for D source code

To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

Manual usage
Put the following dependency into your project's dependences section:

D-Scanner CI status

D-Scanner is a tool for analyzing D source code

Building and installing

First make sure that you have all the source code. Run `git submodule update --init --recursive` after cloning the project.

To build D-Scanner, run `make` (or the build.bat file on Windows). The build time can be rather long with the -inline flag on front-end versions older than 2.066, so you may wish to remove it from the build script. The makefile has "ldc" and "gdc" targets if you'd prefer to compile with one of these compilers instead of DMD. To install, simply place the generated binary (in the "bin" folder) somewhere on your $PATH.


The following examples assume that we are analyzing a simple file called helloworld.d

import std.stdio;
void main(string[] args)
	writeln("Hello World");

Token Count

The "--tokenCount" or "-t" option prints the number of tokens in the given file

$ dscanner --tokenCount helloworld.d

Import Listing

The "--imports" or "-i" option prints a listing of modules imported by the given source file.

$ dscanner --imports helloworld.d

Passing "-I" arguments (import locations) will cause D-Scanner to also attempt to resolve the locations of the imported modules.

$ dscanner --imports helloworld.d -I ~/.dvm/compilers/dmd-2.071.1-b2/src/phobos/ -I ~/.dvm/compilers/dmd-2.071.1-b2/src/druntime/src/

The "--recursiveImports" option is similar to "--imports", except that it lists imports of imports (and so on) recursively. The recursive import option requires import paths to be specified in order to work correctly.


  • The import listing feature DOES NOT IGNORE imports that may be unused to to version or static if.
  • The import listing DOES NOT INCLUDE imports introduced by mixins.

Syntax Check

The "--syntaxCheck" or "-s" option prints a listing of any errors or warnings found while lexing or parsing the given source file. It does not do any semantic analysis and it does not compile the code.

Style Check

The "--styleCheck" or "-S" option runs some basic static analysis checks against the given source files.

Skip style checks in the tests

Static checks in the unit tests can produce irrelevant warnings. For example, it's legit to declare a variable that's not used if the goal is to verify that a templatized function can be instantiated by inference of the type of this variable. To avoid these cases, it's possible to pass the "--skipTests" option.


By default all checks are enabled. Individual checks can be enabled or disabled by using a configuration file. Such a file can be placed, for example, is the root directory of your project. Running `dscanner --defaultConfig` will generate a default configuration file and print the file's location. You can also specify the path to a configuration file by using the "--config" option if you want to override the default or the local settings.

For each check, three values are possible:

  • "disabled": the check is not performed.
  • "enabled": the check is performed.
  • "skip-unittest": the check is performed but not in the unit tests.

Any other value deactivates a check.

Note that the "--skipTests" option is the equivalent of changing each "enabled" check by a "skip-unittest" check.

Implemented checks
  • Old alias syntax (i.e "alias a b;" should be replaced with "alias b = a;").
  • Implicit concatenation of string literals.
  • Complex number literals (e.g. "1.23i").
  • Empty declarations (i.e. random ";" characters).
  • enum array literals in struct/class bodies.
  • Avoid Pokémon exception handling.
  • opCmp or opEquals, or toHash not declared "const".
  • Format numbers for readability.
  • delete keyword is deprecated.
  • "fish operators" (floating point operators) are deprecated.
  • Left side of a foreach or foreach\_reverse range expression is larger than the right.
  • Left side of a slice expression is larger than the right.
  • Variable, struct, class, union, module, package, and interface names that do not comply with Phobos style guidelines.
  • Struct constructors that have a single parameter that has a default argument.
  • Assign expressions where the left side of the '=' operator is the same as the right.
  • 'if' statements where the 'else' block is the same as the 'if' block.
  • ||, &&, and == expressions where the left and right sides of the operator are identical.
  • && and || expressions where the order of operations is confusing.
  • Unused variables.
  • Unused parameters (check is skipped if function is marked "override").
  • Duplicate attributes.
  • Declaring opEquals without toHash.
  • Undocumented public declarations.
  • Subtraction from .length properties. (These may be unsigned and could lead to integer underflow)
  • Class, struct, and union member variables whose names conflict with built-in type properties.
  • Confusing asm syntax.
  • Placement of const, immutable, or inout before a function return type instead of after the parameters.
  • Functions in interface declarations redundantly marked 'abstract'.
  • Declaring a variable with the same name as a label.
  • Variables that could have been declared const or immutable (experimental)
  • Redundant parenthesis.
  • Unused labels.
  • Lines longer than 120 characters.
  • Incorrect infinite range definitions.
  • Some assertions that check conditions that will always be true.
  • Auto functions without return statement. The compiler doesn't see an omission and it infers 'void' as return type.

See this list of open issues for the wishlist.


The "--report" option writes a JSON report on the static analysis checks document above to standard output. This file is usually used by the D plugin for SonarQube located here.

Find Declaration

Ack, grep, and The Silver Searcher are useful for finding usages of symbols, but their signal to noise ratio is not very good when searching for a symbol's declaration. The "--declaration" or "-d" options allow you to search for a symbols declaration. For example:

$ dscanner -d TokenStructure

Line of Code Count

The "--sloc" or "-l" option prints the number of lines of code in the file. Instead of simply printing the number of line breaks, this counts the number of semicolon, while, if, do, else, switch, for, foreach, foreach_reverse, default, and case tokens in the file.

$ ./dscanner --sloc helloworld.d

Syntax Highlighting

The "--highlight" option prints the given source file as syntax-highlighted HTML to the standard output. The CSS styling is currently hard-coded to use the Solarized color scheme.

No example. It would take up too much space

CTAGS Output

The "--ctags" or "-c" option generates CTAGS information and writes it to the standard output. Directory arguments are scanned recursively for .d and .di files.

$ dscanner --ctags helloworld.d
!_TAG_FILE_AUTHOR	Brian Schott
!_TAG_PROGRAM_URL	https://github.com/Hackerpilot/Dscanner/
main	helloworld.d	3;"	f	arity:1

CTAGS output uses the following tag kinds:

  • g -- enum declarataion
  • e -- enum member
  • v -- variable declaration
  • i -- interface declaration
  • c -- class declaration
  • s -- struct declaration
  • f -- function declaration
  • u -- union declaration
  • T -- template declaration
  • a -- alias declarataion

More information on the CTAGS format can be found here.

Etags Output

The --etags, -e, and --etagsAll options are similar to --ctags except that an Emacs-compatible tags file is generated. The --etagsAll option generates tags for private and package declarations in addition to what --etags and -e generate.


The "--outline" option parses the given D source file and writes an simple outline of the file's declarations to stdout.


By default Dscanner uses the configuration file given in $HOME/.config/dscanner/dscanner.ini. Run --defaultConfig to regenerate it. The --config option allows one to use a custom configuration file. If a dscanner.ini file is locate in the working directory or any of it's parents, it overrides any other configuration files.

AST Dump

The "--ast" or "--xml" options will dump the complete abstract syntax tree of the given source file to standard output in XML format.

$ dscanner --ast helloworld.d
<functionDeclaration line="3">
<type pretty="void">
<type pretty="string[]">
<typeSuffix type="[]"/>
<stringLiteral>Hello World</stringLiteral>

For more readable output, pipe the command through xmllint using its formatting switch.

$ dscanner --ast helloworld.d | xmllint --format -
  • Brian Schott
emsi_containers, dsymbol, libdparse, inifiled
0.16.0-beta.4 2023-Sep-24
0.16.0-beta.3 2023-Jul-09
0.16.0-beta.2 2023-Jul-09
0.16.0-beta.1 2023-Jul-08
0.15.2 2023-Jul-05
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