evael-ecs 0.0.1

Entity-component-system lib.


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

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evael-ecs is the entity-component-system used by the Evael engine. It's supposed to be fully @nogc.

It's inspired by the following projects :

  • https://github.com/miguelmartin75/anax => C++ ECS
  • https://github.com/jzhu98/star-entity => D ECS
  • https://github.com/claudemr/entitysysd => D ECS

Build

You have to use dub to build the project.

Add this project as a dependency to your dub.json: dub add evael-ecs

Getting Started

World

World is the class that will handle everything for you. You should use it to add systems, create entities and subscribe to events.


import evael.ecs;
import evael.lib;

void main()
{
    auto world = MemoryHelper.create!World();

    while(game)
    {
        world.update(dt);
    }
    
    MemoryHelper.dispose(world);
}

Entities

You can create an entity, kill it, invalidate it or activate it.

auto entity = world.createEntity();

// Notifies all systems that a new entity is alive
world.activateEntity(entity);)

// Entity is still alive but will be invalid in current scope
entity.invalidate();

// Notifies all systems that an entity has been killed
world.killEntity(entity);)

Components

A component must be represented as a struct.

struct PositionComponent
{
    float x, y, z;
}

You can add a component to an entity :

// add
entity.add!PositionComponent(1, 2, 3);

// update (its handled as a pointer)
entity.get!PositionComponent().y = 50;

// check
if(entity.has!PositionComponent())
{
    // ...
}

Systems

A system must be a class that inherits evael.ecs.system.

class MovementSystem : System
{
    public void update(in float delta)
    {

    }
}

There are 2 ways to query entities from your system :

  • 1 => Using entity manager getEntitiesWith!(components...) method
  • 2 => Using the ComponentsFilter mixin template mixin ComponentsFilter!(components...);

If you provide a components filter, when an entity is activated, it will be automatically added to the systems whose filters match her components.

class MovementSystem : System
{
    // option 2
    mixin ComponentsFilter!(PositionComponent);

    public void update(in float deltaTime)
    {
        // option 1
        auto entities = this.m_entityManager.getEntitiesWith!(PositionComponent);

        // option 2 (should be more efficient)
        foreach (entity; this.m_entities)
        {

        }
    }
}

The update method of the system will be automatically called by the entity manager in the main loop. If you want to handle the update manually, you can set the System.UpdatePolicy to manual :

class MovementSystem : System
{
    public this()
    {
        super(System.UpdatePolicy.Manual);
    }
}

// ...

while(game)
{
    world.update(dt);

    // you have to call it manually (before or after the world.update call)
    myMovementSystem.update(dt);
}

Events

A receiver is a class that implements Receiver(EventType) interface.

// An event must be a struct
struct MovementEvent
{
    Entity entityThatMoved;
    int newX, newY;
}

// The receiver
class CameraSystem : Receiver!MovementEvent
{
    /**
     * Movement event received from a system
     */
    public void receive(ref MovementEvent event)
    {
        // ...
    }
}

// Subscribe to events
void main()
{
    auto world = MemoryHelper.create!World();
    auto cameraSys = MemoryHelper.create!CameraSystem();

    world.addSystem(cameraSys);
    world.subscribeReceiverToEvent!MovementEvent(cameraSys);
}

You can send events from systems by using the m_world.emit method.

// Sending an event from the MovementSystem
class MovementSystem : Receiver!MovementEvent
{
    public void update(in float deltaTime)
    {
        foreach (entity; this.m_entities)
        {
            this.m_world.emit(MovementEvent(entity));
        }
    }
}
Authors:
  • Robert Georges
Dependencies:
evael-lib
Versions:
0.0.1 2019-Oct-03
Show all 1 versions
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Short URL:
evael-ecs.dub.pm