lu 2.2.0

Library of reusable miscellanea


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

Manual usage
Put the following dependency into your project's dependences section:

lu Linux/macOS/Windows Linux Windows Commits since last release

Miscellaneous general-purpose library modules. Nothing extraordinary.

API documentation can be found here.

  • meld.d: Combining two structs/classes of the same type into a union set of their members' values. Also works with arrays and associative arrays. A melding strategy can be supplied as a template parameter for fine-tuning behaviour, but in general non-.init values overwrite .init ones.
// Aggregate
struct Foo
{
    string s;
    int i;
}

Foo source;
source.s = "some string";

Foo target;
target.i = 42;

source.meldInto(target);
assert(target.s == "some string");
assert(target.i == 42);

// Array
auto sourceArr = [ 123, 0, 789, 0, 456, 0 ];
auto targetArr = [ 0, 456, 0, 123, 0, 789 ];
sourceArr.meldInto(targetArr);
assert(targetArr == [ 123, 456, 789, 123, 456, 789 ]);

// Associative array
string[string] sourceAA = [ "a":"a", "b":"b" ];
string[string] targetAA = [ "c":"c", "d":"d" ];

sourceAA.meldInto(targetAA);
assert(targetAA == [ "a":"a", "b":"b", "c":"c", "d":"d" ]);
  • objmanip.d: Struct/class manipulation, such as setting a member field by its string name.
struct Foo
{
    string s;
    int i;
    bool b;
    immutable double pi = 3.14;
}

Foo foo;
bool success;

success = foo.setMemberByName("s", "some string");
assert(success);
assert(foo.s == "some string");

success = foo.setMemberByName("i", "42");
assert(success);
assert(foo.i == 42);

success = foo.setMemberByName("b", "true");
assert(success);
assert(foo.b == true);

success = foo.setMemberByName("pi", "3.15");
assert(!success);

// Originally meant to work on string values but works on any type
success = foo.setMemberByName("i", 999);
assert(success);
assert(foo.i == 999);
  • deltastrings.d: Expressing the differences between two instances of a struct or class of the same type into an output range, as either assignment statements or assert statements.
struct Foo
{
    string s;
    int i;
    bool b;
}

Foo altered;
altered.s = "some string";
altered.i = 42;

Appender!(char[]) sink;

/+
    Generate assignment statements by passing `No.asserts`.
 +/
sink.formatDeltaInto!(No.asserts)(Foo.init, altered);

assert(sink[] ==
`s = "some string";
i = 42;
`);

sink.clear();

/+
    As above but prepend the name "altered" before the members.
 +/
sink.formatDeltaInto!(No.asserts)(Foo.init, altered, 0, "altered");

assert(sink[] ==
`altered.s = "some string";
altered.i = 42;
`);

sink.clear();

/+
    Generate assert statements by passing `Yes.asserts`.
 +/
sink.formatDeltaInto!(Yes.asserts)(Foo.init, altered, 0, "altered");

assert(sink[] ==
`assert((altered.s == "some string"), altered.s);
assert((altered.i == 42), altered.i.to!string);
`);
  • typecons.d: The UnderscoreOpDispatcher mixin template. When mixed into some aggregate, it generates an opDispatch that allows for accessing and mutating any (potentially private) members of it whose names start with an underscore. (Dynamic) arrays are appended to.
struct Foo
{
    int _i;
    string _s;
    bool _b;
    string[] _add;
    alias wordList = _add;

    mixin UnderscoreOpDispatcher;
}

Foo f;
f.i = 42;         // f.opDispatch!"i"(42);
f.s = "hello";    // f.opDispatch!"s"("hello");
f.b = true;       // f.opDispatch!"b"(true);
f.add("hello");   // f.opDispatch!"add"("hello");
f.add("world");   // f.opDispatch!"add"("world");

assert(f.i == 42);
assert(f.s == "hello");
assert(f.b);
assert(f.wordList == [ "hello", "world" ]);

/+
    The generated functions return `this` by reference, to allow for chaining calls.
 +/
auto f2 = Foo()
    .i(9001)
    .s("world")
    .b(false)
    .add("hello")
    .add("world");

assert(f2.i == 9001);
assert(f2.s == "world");
assert(!f2.b);
assert(f2.wordList == [ "hello", "world" ]);
  • traits.d: Various traits and cleverness.
mixin template MyMixin()
{
    mixin MixinConstraints!(MixinScope.struct_ | MixinScope.class_);

    void foo() {}
    int i;
}

struct Bar
{
    mixin MyMixin;  // ok
}

class Baz
{
    mixin MyMixin; // also ok
}

void baz()
{
    mixin MyMixin;  // static assert 0, wrong mixin scope type
}
  • serialisation.d: Functions and templates for serialising structs into an .ini file-like format, with entries and values optionally separated into two columns by whitespace.
struct Foo
{
    string s;
    int i;
    bool b;
    double pi;
}

Foo foo;
foo.s = "some string";
foo.i = 42;
foo.b = true;
foo.pi = 3.14159;

Appender!(char[]) sink;
sink.serialise(foo);
immutable justified = sink[].justifiedEntryValueText;

assert(justified ==
`[Foo]
s               some string
i               42
b               true
pi              3.14159
`);

File file = File("config.conf", "w");
file.writeln(justified);

// Later...

Foo newFoo;
newFoo.deserialise(readText("config.conf"));

assert(newFoo.s == "some string");
assert(newFoo.i == 42);
assert(newFoo.b == true);
assert(newFoo.pi == 3.14159);
  • string.d: String manipulation functions and templates.
enum line = "Word split by spaces \\o/";
string slice = line;  // mutable

immutable first = slice.advancePast(" ");
assert(first == "Word");

immutable second = slice.advancePast(" ");
assert(second == "split");

immutable third = slice.advancePast(" ");
assert(third == "by");

alias fourth = slice;
assert(fourth == "spaces \\o/");

/+
    If the optional Yes.inherit is passed, the whole slice is returned
    if the delimiter isn't found, otherwise it throws.
 +/
immutable fourth = slice.advancePast("?", Yes.inherit);
assert(fourth == "spaces \\o/");
assert(slice.length == 0);

/+
    splitInto splits a string of words separated by whitespace into multiple ref
    strings, and returns a SplitResults enum indicating whether the split words
    matched the number of passed ref strings. If there are more words than ref
    strings, the remainder is returned in an overflow array.
 +/
enum quoted = `author "John Doe" title "Foo Bar" tag1 tag2 tag3 tag4`;
string authorHeader;
string author;
string titleHeader;
string title;
string[] overflow;

immutable results = quoted.splitInto(authorHeader, author, titleHeader, title, overflow);
assert(results == SplitResults.overrun);
assert(author == "John Doe");
assert(title == "Foo Bar");
assert(overflow == [ "tag1", "tag2", "tag3", "tag4" ]);

/+
    splitWithQuotes splits a string into multiple parts, where multiple words
    enclosed between quotes are counted as one word. The quotes are removed from
    the result. The delimiter is optional and defaults to whitespace.
 +/
immutable intoArray = quoted.splitWithQuotes();
assert(intoArray.length == 8);
assert(intoArray[1] == "John Doe");
assert(intoArary[3] == "Foo Bar");
assert(intoArray[4..8] == [ "tag1", "tag2", "tag3", "tag4" ]);
  • conv.d: Conversion functions and templates.
/+
    Credit for Enum goes to Stephan Koch (https://github.com/UplinkCoder). Used with permission.
    Generates less bloat than `std.conv.to` on larger enums. Restrictions apply.
 +/

enum Foo { abc, def, ghi }

immutable someAbc = Foo.abc;
immutable someDef = Foo.def;
immutable someGhi = Foo.ghi;

assert(Enum!Foo.toString(someAbc) == "abc");
assert(Enum!Foo.toString(someDef) == "def");
assert(Enum!Foo.toString(someGhi) == "ghi");

immutable otherAbc = Enum!Foo.fromString("abc");
immutable otherDef = Enum!Foo.fromString("def");
immutable otherGhi = Enum!Foo.fromString("ghi");

// Shorthand, infers the type from the argument
assert(enumToString(Foo.abc) == "abc");
/+
    Basic FIFO buffer.
 +/
Buffer!string buffer;

buffer.put("abc");
buffer.put("def");
assert(!buffer.empty);
assert(buffer.front == "abc");
buffer.popFront();
assert(buffer.front == "def");
buffer.popFront();
assert(buffer.empty);

/+
    Simple circular buffer.
 +/
CircularBuffer!(int, Yes.dynamic) circBuf;
circBuf.resize(3);

circBuf.put(1);
circBuf.put(2);
circBuf.put(3);
circBut.put(4);
assert(circBuf.front == 4);
assert(circBuf.buf == [ 4, 2, 3 ]);

/+
    A wrapper of a built-in associative array with controllable rehashing.
    Should otherwise transparently behave like the underlying AA.
 +/
RehashingAA!(int[string]) aa1;
aa1.minimumNeededForRehash = 2;

void rehashCallback() { /* Do something */ }
aa.onRehashDg = &rehashCallback;

aa1["abc"] = 123;
aa1["def"] = 456;
assert(aa1.newKeysSinceLastRehash == 2);
assert(aa1.numRehashes == 0);
aa1["ghi"] = 789;
assert(aa1.numRehashes == 1);
assert(aa1.newKeysSinceLastRehash == 0);
aa1.rehash();
assert(aa1.numRehashes == 2);

/+
    A wrapper of a built-in associative array with mutexed access to elements.
 +/
MutexedAA!(string[int]) aa2;
aa2.setup();  // important!

aa2[1] = "one";
aa2[2] = "two";
aa2[3] = "three";

auto hasOne = aa2.has(1);
assert(hasOne);
assert(aa2[1] == "one");

assert(aa2[2] == "two");

auto three = aa2.get(3);
assert(three == "three");

auto four = aa2.get(4, "four");
assert(four == "four");

auto five = aa2.require(5, "five");
assert(five == "five");
assert(aa2[5] == "five");

auto keys = aa2.keys;
assert(keys.canFind(1));
assert(keys.canFind(5));
assert(!keys.canFind(6));

auto values = aa2.values;
assert(values.canFind("one"));
assert(values.canFind("four"));
assert(!values.canFind("six"));

aa2.rehash();
  • json.d: Convenience wrappers around a Phobos JSONValue, which can be unwieldy. Not a JSON parser implementation.
  • common.d: Things that don't have a better home yet.
  • numeric.d: Functions and templates that calculate or manipulate numbers in some way.
  • uda.d: Some user-defined attributes used here and there.

Roadmap

  • nothing right now, ideas needed

Built with

License

This project is licensed under the Boost Software License 1.0 - see the LICENSE10.txt file for details.

Authors:
  • JR
Dependencies:
none
Versions:
2.2.0 2024-Jan-27
2.1.0 2024-Jan-04
2.0.0 2023-Aug-17
1.2.5 2023-Feb-07
1.2.4 2023-Feb-06
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