styx2000 0.0.7

Low-level, minimal implementation of Styx protocol (9P protocol from Plan 9/Inferno)


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

Manual usage
Put the following dependency into your project's dependences section:

styx2000

Low-level, minimal implementation of Styx protocol (9P protocol from Plan 9/Inferno).

Examples

Working with basic protocol structures

In this example, we consider a method for unpacking a certain data structure, which is some aspect of the Styx protocol from its low-level representation into a data object and vice versa. It looks like this:

#!/usr/bin/env dub
/+ dub.sdl:
	dependency "styx2000" version="~main"
+/

import std.stdio : writeln, writefln;
    
import styx2000.extrautil;
import styx2000.protobj;
import styx2000.protomsg;

void main()
{
	// sample byte array for dirstat
	ubyte[] data = [66, 0, 77, 0, 18, 0, 0, 0, 0, 253, 111, 52, 97, 102, 3, 16, 0, 0, 0, 3, 8, 180, 1, 0, 0, 239, 111, 52, 97, 253, 111, 52, 97, 18, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 3, 0, 97, 98, 99, 8, 0, 97, 113, 117, 97, 114, 101, 106, 105, 8, 0, 97, 113, 117, 97, 114, 101, 106, 105, 0, 0, 70, 0, 77, 0, 18, 0, 0, 0, 0, 79, 112, 52, 97, 100, 3, 16, 0, 0, 0, 3, 8, 180, 1, 0, 0, 79, 112, 52, 97, 79, 112, 52, 97, 28, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 7, 0, 116, 109, 112, 46, 116, 120, 116, 8, 0, 97, 113, 117, 97, 114, 101, 106, 105, 8, 0, 97, 113, 117, 97, 114, 101, 106, 105, 0, 0];
	DirStat ds = new DirStat;
	// restore from byte view
	ds.unpack(data);
	ds.writeln;
	
	// another sample for restoring structure
	Dir d = new Dir;
	d.unpack([66, 0, 77, 0, 18, 0, 0, 0, 0, 253, 111, 52, 97, 102, 3, 16, 0, 0, 0, 3, 8, 180, 1, 0, 0, 239, 111, 52, 97, 253, 111, 52, 97, 18, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 3, 0, 97, 98, 99, 8, 0, 97, 113, 117, 97, 114, 101, 106, 105, 8, 0, 97, 113, 117, 97, 114, 101, 106, 105, 0, 0]);
	d.writeln;
	// explicit conversion to byte representation
	d.pack.writeln;
}

The source file for this example can be compiled with the command:

dub build --single dir.d

Parsing the file with the captured stream from the client to the server

The source file for the example is compiled with the command:

dub build --single styxdecoder.d

Content of styxdecoder.d file:

#!/usr/bin/env dub
/+ dub.sdl:
	dependency "styx2000" version="~main"
+/

private {
	import std.file : exists;
	import std.stdio;

	import styx2000.extrautil.msgranges : byTextMessage;
}

alias readBinaryFile = function(string filename) {
	static import std.file;
	return cast(ubyte[]) std.file.read(filename);
};

void main(string[] args)
{
	if (args.length < 2)
	 {
		 writeln(`Usage: styxdecoder <file1> [<file2> ... <fileN>]`);
	 }
	 else
	 {
		 foreach (f; args[1..$])
		 {
			 if (f.exists)
			 {
				 foreach (msg; f.readBinaryFile.byTextMessage)
				 {
					msg.writeln;
				 }
			 }
		 }
	 }
}

The working data for this script can be obtained by capturing traffic from the client to the server (or vice versa), for example, using the tcpflow utility.

Empty folder, generated by server and shared via Styxprotocol

A minimal example of a production server that creates an empty folder and distributes it using the Styx protocol. This example is not intended for real use and serves as a demonstration of the library's capabilities. However, the folder can be mounted as a real filesystem using the 9pfuse (from Plan9port project) utility:

9pfuse 'tcp!127.0.0.1!4445' /mnt/

or can be accessed within the plan9 / Inferno operating systems. Real-world mount example from Inferno OS:

mount -A 'tcp!127.0.0.1!4444' /n

The source file for the example is compiled with the command:

dub build --single emptyfolder.d

Content of styxdecoder.d file:

#!/usr/bin/env dub
/+ dub.sdl:
	dependency "styx2000" version="~main"
+/

private
{
    import std.algorithm : remove;
    import std.conv : to;
    import std.datetime.systime;
    import std.random : Random, uniform, unpredictableSeed;
    import std.socket;
    import std.stdio : writeln, writefln;

    import styx2000.extrautil;
    import styx2000.protoconst;
    import styx2000.protomsg;
    import styx2000.protobj;
    
    // convenience alias for Styx message datastructure
    alias StyxMessage = StyxObject[];
}

class EmptyFolderServer
{	
	private
	{
		// size of message
		Size _size = new Size;
		// type of R-message or T-message
		Type _type = new Type;
		// current tag
		Tag  _tag = new Tag;
		// current qid
		Qid _qid;
		// current time
		uint _time;
	}
	
	this()
	{
		auto rng = Random(unpredictableSeed);
		// current time for version in qid, atime, mtime
		_time = cast(uint) Clock.currTime.toUnixTime;
		// unique path identifier for qid
		ulong path = uniform(0, ulong.max, rng);
		_qid = new Qid(STYX_QID_TYPE.QTDIR, _time, path);
	}
	
	// minimal handler
	StyxMessage handle(StyxMessage query)
	{
		StyxMessage reply;
		
		Type type = cast(Type) query[1];
		_tag = cast(Tag) query[2];
		
		switch (type.getType)
		{
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_VERSION:
				reply = handleVersion(query);
 				break;
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_ATTACH:
				reply = handleAttach(query);
				break;
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_WALK:
				reply = handleWalk(query);
				break;
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_OPEN:
				reply = handleOpen(query);
				break;
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_READ:
				reply = handleRead(query);
				break;
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_STAT:
				reply = handleStat(query);
				break;
			case STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.T_CLUNK:
				reply = handleClunk(query);
				break;
			default:
				reply = handleError(query, `wrong query to server`);
				break;
		}
		return (cast(StyxMessage) [_size, _type, _tag]) ~ reply;
	}
	
	// handle error and generate R-error message
	StyxMessage handleError(StyxMessage query, string error)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_ERROR);
		Ename ename = new Ename(error);
		
		return cast(StyxMessage) [ename];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleVersion(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_VERSION);
		// maximal filesize (same on the client)
		Msize msize = cast(Msize) query[3];
		// current protocol version
		Version vers = new Version(`9P2000`);
		
		return cast(StyxMessage) [msize, vers];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleAttach(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_ATTACH);
		// initial qid: unique file identifier on server
		Qid qid = new Qid(STYX_QID_TYPE.QTDIR, 0, 0);
		 
		return cast(StyxMessage) [qid];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleWalk(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_WALK);
		// current file name: empty folder, name is ""
		Nwname name = cast(Nwname) query[5];
		// associated unique file identifier on server: empty
		Nwqid nwqid = new Nwqid;
		
		if (name.getName != [])
		{
			return handleError(query, `File does not exist`);
		}
		 
		return cast(StyxMessage) [nwqid];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleStat(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_STAT);
		
		// chmod 775 (drwxrwxr-x)
		Perm perm = new Perm;
		perm.setPerm(
			STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.DMDIR | STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.OWNER_EXEC | STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.OWNER_READ | STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.OWNER_WRITE |
			STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.GROUP_READ | STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.GROUP_WRITE | STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.GROUP_EXEC | 
			STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.OTHER_READ | STYX_FILE_PERMISSION.OTHER_EXEC 
		);
			
		Stat stat = new Stat(
			// type and dev for kernel use (taken from some experiments with styxdecoder, see above)
			77, 4,
			_qid,
			// permissions
			perm,
			// access time
			_time,
			// modification time
			_time,
			// conventional length for all directories is 0
			0,
			// file name (this, directory name)
			"test",
			// user name (owner of file)
			"test",
			// user group name
			"test",
			// others group name
			""
		);
		 
		return cast(StyxMessage) [stat];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleOpen(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_OPEN);
		// standard value from some clients
		Iounit io = new Iounit(8168);
		 
		return cast(StyxMessage) [_qid, io];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleRead(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_READ);
		// length of data is zero
		Count count = new Count(0);
		// empty data array
		Data data = new Data;
		 
		return cast(StyxMessage) [count, data];
	}
	
	StyxMessage handleClunk(StyxMessage query)
	{
		_type.setType(STYX_MESSAGE_TYPE.R_CLUNK);
		
		return cast(StyxMessage) [];
	}
}

void main()
{
    auto listener = new Socket(AddressFamily.INET, SocketType.STREAM);
    listener.bind(new InternetAddress("127.0.0.1", 4445));
    listener.listen(10);
    
    SocketSet readSet = new SocketSet;
    Socket[] connectedClients; 
    ubyte[1024] buffer;
    
    bool isRunning = true;
    
    EmptyFolderServer fs = new EmptyFolderServer;
    
    while (isRunning)
    {
        readSet.reset;
        readSet.add(listener);
        foreach (client; connectedClients)
        {
            readSet.add(client);
        }

        if (Socket.select(readSet, null, null))
        {
            foreach (client; connectedClients)
            {
                if (readSet.isSet(client))
                {
                    auto got = client.receive(buffer);
                    auto tmsg = buffer.decode;
                    auto rmsg = fs.handle(tmsg).encode;
                    client.send(rmsg);
                }
            }
            
            if (readSet.isSet(listener))
            {
                auto newSocket = listener.accept;
                connectedClients ~= newSocket; 
            }
        }
    }
}
Authors:
  • Oleg Bakharev
  • Ilya Pertsev
  • LightHouse Software
Dependencies:
none
Versions:
0.0.7 2021-Sep-19
0.0.6 2021-Sep-14
0.0.5 2021-Sep-10
0.0.4 2021-Sep-05
0.0.3 2021-Sep-04
Show all 8 versions
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Short URL:
styx2000.dub.pm