xserial 1.1.0

Binary serialization library


To use this package, put the following dependency into your project's dependencies section:

dub.json
dub.sdl

xserial

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Binary serialization and deserialization library that uses xbuffer.

import xserial;

assert(true.serialize() == [1]);
assert(deserialize!bool([0]) == false);

assert(12.serialize!(Endian.bigEndian)() == [0, 0, 0, 12]);
assert(deserialize!(int, Endian.littleEndian)([44, 0, 0, 0]) == 44);

assert([1, 2, 3].serialize!(Endian.littleEndian, ushort)() == [3, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 0, 0, 3, 0, 0, 0]);
assert(deserialize!(ushort[], Endian.bigEndian, uint)([0, 0, 0, 2, 0, 12, 0, 44]) == [12, 44]);

struct Foo { ubyte a, b, c; }
Foo foo = Foo(1, 2, 4);
assert(foo.serialize.deserialize!Foo == foo);

Usage

Serialization

The serialize template is publicly imported in the xserial module. It takes, optionally, the endianness and the array length to be used for serializing; if not provided the system's endianness is used and size_t is used to encode arrays' lengths.

The first runtime argument is always the value that needs to be serialized and the second optional argument is a xbuffer's Buffer, that can be used when serializing more than one type by reusing the buffer.

The serialize template always returns an array of unsigned bytes.

ubyte[] serialize!(Endian endianness=std.system.endian, L=size_t, Endian lengthEndianness=endianness, T)(T value, Buffer buffer=new Buffer(64));

Deserialization

The deserialize template has similar arguments as the serialize template, except the first runtime argument, the value to serialize, is passed as a type as the first compile-time argument.

It returns an instance of the type passed at compile-time or throws a BufferOverflowException when there's not enough data to read.

T deserialize!(T, Endian endianness=std.system.endian, L=size_t, Endian lengthEndianness=endianness)(Buffer buffer);
T deserialize!(T, Endian endianness=std.system.endian, L=size_t, Endian lengthEndianness=endianness)(in ubyte[] buffer);

Attributes

In structs and classes all public variables are serialized and deserialized. How they are serialized can be changed using attributes.

One attribute for each group can be used on a variable.

Exclusion

Exclusion attributes indicate whether to serialize and deserialize a varible.

@Exclude

Excludes the variable from being serialized and deserialized.

@EncodeOnly

Excludes the variable from being deserialized.

@DecodeOnly

Excludes the variable from being serialized.

Conditional

Conditional attributes indicate when to serialize and deserialize a variable.

@Condition(string)

Only serializes and deserializes the variable when the condition is true.

struct Test {

    ubyte a;
    @Condition("a == 0") ubyte b;

}

assert(Test(0, 1).serialize() == [0, 1]);
assert(Test(1, 0).serialize() == [1]);

Type encoding

Type encoding attributes indicate how to serialize and deserialize a variable.

@BigEndian

Indicates that the variable (or the elements of the array) are always encoded as big-endian.

@LittleEndian

Indicates that the variable (or the elements of the array) are always encoded as little-endian.

@Var

Indicates that the variable (or the elements of the array) are always encoded as Google varint.

Array's Length

Array's length attributes indicate how to serialize and deserialize the length of an array variable.

@Length!(type)

Indicates that the variable's length should be serialized and deserialized as the given type.

@EndianLength!(type)(Endian)

Like @Length indicates that the variable's length should be serialized and deserialized as the given type, with the addition that the variable's length is also serialized and deserialized with the given endianness.

struct Test {

    @EndianLength!ushort(Endian.bigEndian) ubyte[] a;

}

assert(Test([1, 2, 3]).serialize() == [0, 3, 1, 2, 3]);
assert(Test([1, 2, 3]).serialize!(Endian.littleEndian, uint)() == [0, 3, 1, 2, 3]);
@NoLength

Indicates that the variable's length should not be encoded. This attribute should only be used on the last field of the struct/class. When deserializing a variable with this attribute data is read until a BufferOverflowException is thrown.

Authors:
  • Kripth
Dependencies:
xbuffer
Versions:
1.1.1 2018-Sep-09
1.1.0 2018-Aug-26
1.0.0 2018-Aug-23
0.1.1 2018-Aug-22
0.1.0 2018-Aug-22
Show all 6 versions
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Short URL:
xserial.dub.pm