zmqd 1.0.0

A safe and convenient wrapper for the ∅MQ/ZeroMQ messaging framework


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

∅MQD – a ∅MQ wrapper for the D programming language

∅MQD is a D library that wraps the low-level C API of the ∅MQ messaging framework (also known as ZeroMQ). It is a rather thin wrapper that maps closely to the C API, while making it safer, easier and more pleasant to use. Here's how:

  • Errors are signalled by means of exceptions rather than return codes.
  • Functions are appropriately marked with @safe, pure and nothrow, thus facilitating their use in high-level D code.
  • Memory and resources (i.e. contexts, sockets and messages) are automatically managed, thus preventing leaks.
  • Context, socket and message options are implemented as properties.

The names of functions and types in ∅MQD are very similar to those in ∅MQ, but they follow the D naming conventions. Thus, the library should feel both familiar to ∅MQ users and natural to D users.

The API documentation may be browsed online at http://kyllingstad.github.io/zmqd/.

Terms of use

∅MQD is free and open-source software, released under the terms of the Mozilla Public License v. 2.0. This allows you to mix it with other files under a different, even proprietary licence. However, the source code files of ∅MQD itself, and any modifications you make to them, must remain under the MPL and freely available in source form. For more information, see Mozilla's MPL FAQ.

Support and contributions

If you have questions, enhancement requests or bug reports, please submit them as issues on GitHub. Bug fixes in the form of pull requests are very welcome.

Requirements

What you need is:

Tell the compiler where to find the libraries and the import files, and you're good to go.

It is of course also possible to use Dub to install the zmqd package and its dependencies, or to use it to build ∅MQD from source.

A word of caution about the C library bindings

As mentioned, you need the ∅MQ C bindings to be able to build and use ∅MQD. If you use Dub, a compatible version of the C library bindings will automatically be fetched. However, this is not not necessarily compatible with the ∅MQ library version you have installed. There are known ABI incompatibilities between different versions of ∅MQ (different minor versions, even) so it is a good idea to make sure these match. With Dub, the appropriate version of the ∅MQ bindings can be selected by modifying the file dub.selections.json (package zeromq). If you build manually, make sure to check out the correct version from the repository (it has version number tags).

To help detect incompatibilities, the ∅MQD unittests include a simple compatibility check which warns about possible problems. The simplest way to run the tests is to use Dub, as follows:

dub test zmqd

Example: Hello World server

The C implementation of the "Hello World server" from the ∅MQ Guide looks like this:

// Hello World server

#include <zmq.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <assert.h>

int main (void)
{
    // Socket to talk to clients
    void *context = zmq_ctx_new ();
    void *responder = zmq_socket (context, ZMQ_REP);
    int rc = zmq_bind (responder, "tcp://*:5555");
    assert (rc == 0);

    while (1) {
        char buffer [10];
        zmq_recv (responder, buffer, 10, 0);
        printf ("Received Hello\n");
        sleep (1); // Do some 'work'
        zmq_send (responder, "World", 5, 0);
    }
    return 0;
}

The equivalent ∅MQD program looks like this:

import core.thread, core.time;
import std.stdio;
import zmqd;

void main()
{
    // Socket to talk to clients
    auto responder = Socket(SocketType.rep);
    responder.bind("tcp://*:5555");

    while (true) {
        ubyte[10] buffer;
        responder.receive(buffer);
        writeln("Received Hello");
        Thread.sleep(1.seconds);
        responder.send("World");
    }
}

Note how Socket does not need a context, because the library creates a global "default context", since this is what the majority of programs will do anyway. Of course, if we wanted to, we could replace the first line of main() with the following:

auto context = Context();
auto responder = Socket(context, SocketType.rep);

More examples may be found in the examples subdirectory.

Authors:
  • Lars T. Kyllingstad
Dependencies:
zeromq
Versions:
1.1.1 2017-Nov-13
1.1.0 2016-May-17
1.0.0 2015-Aug-16
1.0.0-beta 2015-Jul-31
1.0.0-alpha 2015-Jan-07
Show all 16 versions
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