mocked 3.0.1

A mocking framework for the D programming language


To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:

MockeD

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A mocking framework for the D programming language.

Getting started

import mocked;

class Dependency
{
    string authorOf(string phrase)
    {
        return null;
    }
}

enum string phrase = "[T]he meaning of a word is its use in the language.";
enum string expected = "L. Wittgenstein";

Mocker mocker;
auto builder = mocker.mock!Dependency;

builder.expect.authorOf(phrase).returns(expected);

auto dependency = builder.getMock;

assert(dependency.authorOf(phrase) == expected);

Expectation setup

This library defines Mocker data type used to create mocks.

Mocker.mock!T returns a mock builder, Mocked!T, which is used to configure mock's behavior. Mocked!T.expect has all virtual methods defined in T, with the same type signatures. These methods can be used to set the arguments the methods are expected to be called with. If you don't pass any arguments, then the call to the function will still be expected, but the arguments, it will be called with, will be ignored.

import mocked

class Dependency
{
    void say(string)
    {
    }
}
Mocker mocker;
auto mock = mocker.mock!Dependency;
mock.expect.say("Naturam expelles furca, tamen usque recurret. (Horace)");
// or mock.expect.say(); to ignore the arguments

mock.get.say("Naturam expelles furca, tamen usque recurret. (Horace)");

mock.get returns the mocked object itself (child class or an interface implementation). If mock.get.say was called with a different string or wasn't called at all, an error would be thrown.

If the mocked function has several overloads, and you'd like to ignore the arguments, you have to specify explicitly, which overload is expected to be called. You can do it by providing the types of the arguments. In the above example you would write: mock.expect.say!string(), since the function Dependency.say has a single string parameter.

You can configure consecutive calls to Dependency.say() by calling .expect.say(...) multiple times.

Stubs

MockeD provides an API for creating stubs. The API is very similar to the mock API. Just replace Mocker.mock!T with Mocker.stub!T and mock.expect.method(arguments) with mock.stub.method(arguments).

The arguments won't be used to verify the expectations (there are no expectations), but to match a configured method. In the following example we configure the stub to return the respective authors (values) for different phrases (arguments).

import mocked

enum string vergil = "tu ne cede malis, sed contra audentior ito.";
enum string plotinus = "neque est alter hijus universi locus, quam anima";
class Dependency
{
    string authorOf(string)
    {
        return null;
    }
}
Mocker mocker;
auto stub = mocker.stub!Dependency;
stub.stub.authorOf(vergil).returns("Vergil");
stub.stub.authorOf(plotinus).returns("Plotinus");

assert(stub.get.authorOf(vergil) == "Vergil");
assert(stub.get.authorOf(plotinus) == "Plotinus");

The stub builder for T is called Stubbed!T.

passThrough

Instead of returning or throwing a given value, pass the call through to the mocked type object.

import mocked;

class Dependency
{
    bool isTrue()
    {
        return true;
    }
}
Mocker mocker;
auto mock = mocker.mock!Dependency;
mock.expect.isTrue.passThrough;

assert(mock.get.isTrue);

returns

Set the value to return when method matching this expectation is called on a mock object.

import mocked;

Mocker mocker;
auto mock = mocker.mock!Object;
mock.expect.toString.returns("in abstracto");

assert(mock.get.toString == "in abstracto");

throws

When the method which matches this expectation is called, throw the given exception.

import std.exception : assertThrown;

Mocker mocker;
auto mock = mocker.mock!Object;
mock.expect.toString.throws!Exception("");

assertThrown!Exception(mock.get.toString);

action

When the method which matches this expectation is called execute the given delegate. The delegate's signature must match the signature of the called method.

static bool flag = false;

class Dependency
{
    void setFlag(bool flag)
    {
    }
}
Mocker mocker;
auto mock = mocker.mock!Dependency;
mock.expect.setFlag.action((value) { flag = value; });

mock.get.setFlag(true);

assert(flag);

repeat/repeatAny

This expectation will match exactly n times or any number of calls, respectively.

enum string expected = "Three times you must say it, then.";
Mocker mocker;

auto builder = mocker.mock!Object;
builder.expect.toString.returns(expected).repeat(3);
// Or: builder.expect.toString.returns(expected).repeatAny;

auto mock = builder.get;

assert(mock.toString() == expected);
assert(mock.toString() == expected);
assert(mock.toString() == expected);

Configuration

Custom argument comparator

You can provide a function, which will be used to compare two objects of a specific type. Use configure instead of the Mocker to create a custom mocker instance. configure takes a tuple of Comparators, so you can specify as many comparators as you like, but they aren't allowed to conflict, so the types in question should be distinct types.

Every Comparator has a single template parameter which is a function actually used for the comparison. This function should have exactly two arguments of the same type and return a boolean value.

import mocked;
import std.math : fabs;

class Dependency
{
    public void call(float)
    {
    }
}

// This function is used to compare two floating point numbers that don't
// match exactly.
alias approxComparator = (float a, float b) {
    return fabs(a - b) <= 0.1;
};
auto mocker = configure!(Comparator!approxComparator);
auto builder = mocker.mock!Dependency;

builder.expect.call(1.01);

auto mock = builder.get;

mock.call(1.02);

Call order

The check that all expected calls are being made in a specific order can be disabled. Set .unordered() on the mock object.

import mocked;

class Dependency
{
    void callFirst()
    {
    }

    void callSecond()
    {
    }
}
Mocker mocker;
auto mock = mocker.mock!Dependency.unordered;

mock.expect.callFirst;
mock.expect.callSecond;

mock.get.callSecond;
mock.get.callFirst;
Authors:
  • Eugen Wissner
Dependencies:
none
Versions:
3.0.1 2020-Sep-15
3.0.0 2020-Sep-13
2.0.0 2020-Sep-08
1.1.2 2020-Sep-02
1.1.1 2020-Aug-19
Show all 17 versions
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Short URL:
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