A 2D game engine for retro styled games
To use this package, run the following command in your project's root directory:
Put the following dependency into your project's dependences section:
PixelPerfectEngine ver 0.10.0
A retro engine for 2D and pseudo-3D games written in D by László Szerémi.
Started out as a project for college, and continued as a hobby to learn game and software development. Has its own GUI subsystem, which is influenced by the looks of old graphical operating systems' (Amiga Workbench, old MacOS, etc.).
Why use PixelPerfectEngine over the competition?
Authentic pixel graphics
I was looking for a project idea to present something for Object-Oriented Programming exams, that would be doable by a single person, yet fun enough to keep me occupied to work on it. While I underestimated the complexity and the work that should go into an engine (especially as a rookie), I noticed a few odd things about 2D retro games. As modern engines often use 3D polygons for sprites, there are often many errors:
- Rounding errors from floating-point coordinates.
- Unauthentic scaling and rotation effects due to direct rendering on high-resolution framebuffers.
- Ability of use of sprites and textures with baked-in big pixels, which lead to misaligned pixels.
In order to mitigate these issues, the engine uses CPU or GPU (coming in the future) blitter, like some old systems did
back in the days, such as the Amiga. However the engine also can do some of the tricks of later 2D machines like
per-index transparency, and you can create various effects like light, fog, and reflections, by using custom layers or
EffectLayer (coming in the future). You also don't need any trickery for palette-swap effects.
Small footprint and lightweight
Some other, popular engines used for 2D retro games are 3D engines that are made to display 2D graphics instead. This often adds additional bulk onto an otherwise small game.
This lightweight nature of the engine will soon enable to be compiled for low-powered ARMv8 devices, which will allow to be run on many smartphones and even single-board computers.
Open-source without the hassle
This engine is licensed under the Boost Software License 1.0, which means it can be used without attribution and even in commercial applications. Be aware that many components are on different licenses, such as SDL2 and ZLib.
How to build
PixelPerfectEngine actually requires ldc2 to build since that has better vector support than DMD, and vectors are used to speed up the rendering.
To compile windowmakerforconcrete, launch a simple :
dub build :windowmakerforconcrete --compiler=ldc2
Test cases, demos, and tools
PixelPerfectEngine comes with multiple test cases, both to test various functionalities during development, and to showcase the capabilities of the engine.
Displays an automatically generated tilemap pattern on two layers (one is transformable) and multiple sprites (art by arkark3). There's also a semi transparent text-layer displaying the framerate and collision information. This all can be controlled from the keyboard.
Audio testcase. Tests audio initialization and plugins, also intended as part of an audio development kit (ADK). In the future, it'll also be able to play MIDI files.
Map format testcase. Tests most functionality of the Extendible Map Format (XMF). Can load any XMP files.
GUI elements testcase. Tests if GUI elements work correctly.
Test of the scripting engine.
Test of the XML text parsing engine and the text drawing functions.
A simple engine demonstration game. Does not use (much) external assets, and instead uses code renerated ones.
The classic game of Snake, where the player must collect apples (red dots) in order to grow.
Arkanoid-clone game. Currently under development.
Windowmaker for Concrete/PPE
Window layout editor with code generation features.
External project. Map editor, with some other tools built in, like a BMFont editor, and format converter. Can be found here: https://github.com/ZILtoid1991/pixelperfecteditor
A must-have for this engine, due to it using some unusual features, like palette shifting.
- Pixel-accurate retro graphics.
- Either hard-transparency using blitter, or soft-transparency using alpha-blending.
- Various effects with other composing functions.
- A tile layer that is capable of displaying uniform tiles from a map, and has per-line scrolling via a delegate.
- A transformable tile layer capable of Mode7 type effects at the cost of power-of-two only tile and map sizes.
- A sprite layer with sprite scaling, simple slicing, and individual composing functions for each sprite.
- Configuration file handling
- Collision detection
- Handling of multiple inputs
- An audio subsystem capable of era-correct synthesis
- Scripting via Lua (more languages might be added by others)
- ...and many more
- The engine doesn't clear the framebuffer to spare some CPU time. This can result in rapid flickering if the bottom layer is scrolled out. To avoid it at all cost, you can use a warp mode on that layer.
- There's also some speed issues as SDL2 writes the framebuffer back to the main memory. This will probably end up in the slow replacement of SDL2's graphical side with something faster.
- WindowMakerForConcrete and PixelPerfectEditor are currently unfinished. The former will be soon working fully with extra features (such as undo/redo, snapping to grid and components), then the latter can be developed without an issue.
- Error handling isn't fully realized, so a lot of errors might happen. You can help me by reporting errors, testing on various systems.
- Lots of untested and not fully tested features. Many are tested to at least run somewhat, but not tested in-depth. Currently, I'm the sole maintainer of this project, and things are quite tough, especially after you factor in my full-time job.
- Compressed data file handling.
- Effects layer with some sort of programmability.
- Transformable sprites.
- Moving most of the rendering pipeline to OpenGL, then using various tricks to ensure pixels will align as they should.
- Support for MacOS. (Contact me, if you have hardware for it and willing to contribute to the project)
- Support for Android. (Either will be done by me later on, or contact me if you're up for this challenge)
- Support for iOS. (Contact me if you have the hardware and you willing to contribute)
- Registered by László Szerémi
- 0.10.3 released 6 days ago
- (C)2015-2021 Laszlo Szeremi
- Sub packages:
- pixelperfectengine:test0, pixelperfectengine:test1, pixelperfectengine:test2, pixelperfectengine:test3, pixelperfectengine:test5, pixelperfectengine:wmfc, pixelperfectengine:snake, pixelperfectengine:icebreaker
- newxml, collections-d, sdlang-d, bindbc-lua, midi-di, dimage, midi2, cpublit, bitleveld, bindbc-sdl, iota, bmfont, i18n-d, intel-intrinsics
0.10.3 2023-Sep-16 0.10.2 2023-Sep-02 0.10.1 2023-Sep-01 0.10.0 2023-Aug-05 0.10.0-beta.10 2023-Apr-06
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